patents trademarks, designs, and copyrights.

Patent and Trademark in India

patents trademarks, designs, and copyrights.


What are the types of patents in India?

Understanding the importance of patent filing is crucial, and determining the appropriate patent type is equally essential. Three main types of patents can be filed with Government of India:

 Utility Patent Type:

Utility patents are among the most common in India, providing protection for innovations or inventions in products, processes, or machines. Often referred to as the ‘patent of inventions,’ this type covers a broad spectrum, including creations like new electric vehicles or machines related to solar energy.

 Design Patent Type:

Design patents focus on safeguarding the aesthetic look of a manufactured product. These patents protect the ‘surface ornamentation,’ meaning the appearance of a product. When filing for a design patent, exclusivity is claimed over a unique shape or design, but not the functionality. Design patents are generally more cost-effective compared to other types. For instance, the unique shape of the Pepsi bottle is registered under a design patent.

 Plant Patent Type:

Plant patents are obtained to protect new and inventive plants. This type of patent is particularly significant given India’s rich biodiversity. Inventors can secure plant patents for novel plant hybrids and organically discovered plants. This category is crucial for preserving and recognizing the potential therapeutic properties of various herbs and plants rooted in Ayurveda.

 Determining which type of patent is relevant to your invention is the initial step before proceeding with the patent registration process. After this, selecting the appropriate type of patent application in India becomes the next crucial decision in the patenting journey

What types of patent applications are available in India?

The Patents Act of 1970 governs all laws and provisions related to patents in India, encompassing various types of patent applications. According to the act, there are seven distinct types of patent applications:

 Provisional Patent:

This application is beneficial for claiming first priority over an invention that is still in the development process. It allows applicants a year to finalize their invention, and failure to file the permanent patent specification within this timeframe results in the abandonment of the application.

 Ordinary/Non-provisional Patent:

Filed when the invention is complete, this type requires the submission of the complete specification of the invention during the application process. Unlike the provisional patent, there is no additional year granted to make changes.

 Conventional Application:

If the applicant has already filed for a patent in one or more convention countries before filing with the Indian Patent Office, this application allows claiming a priority date based on the other application.

 PCT International Application:

Under the Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT), this application streamlines the process of filing in all signatory countries simultaneously, providing protection in up to 142 countries.

 PCT National Phase Application:

Denoting the national phase of a PCT application in a specific country, this application grants protection based on the international application, provided it is filed within 31 months of the priority date.

 Application for Patent of Addition:

This application is for improvements or additions to a previously filed patentable invention. Approval is contingent upon the parent patent application being granted.

 Divisional Application:

Filed to separate more than one application from a parent patent application, it is suitable when an inventor has multiple inventions to protect.

What falls outside the scope of patentability in India?

In India, certain inventions do not qualify for patent protection. These include inventions that are deemed frivolous, obvious, contrary to well-established natural laws, or contrary to law and morality. Additionally, inventions that are injurious to public health, a mere discovery of a scientific principle, or the formulation of an abstract theory are not considered patentable. Other non-patentable categories encompass inventions involving a mere discovery of any new property or new use for a known substance or process, machine, or apparatus. This also extends to substances obtained by a mere admixture resulting only in the aggregation of the properties of their components or processes for producing such substances. Furthermore, a mere arrangement, rearrangement, or duplication of known devices, methods of agriculture or horticulture, and inventions related to atomic energy fall outside the scope of patentability in India.

How long does it take to get a patent granted in India?

The typical duration for obtaining a patent grant in India is approximately 2-3 years through the standard route, while the expedited route can expedite the process to around 1 year.

What is examination process with Indian patent system?

After filing a patent application in India, the applicant must submit a request for examination, along with the requisite fee. This request can be made by the applicant or any interested party. The examination request should be filed within 48 months from the filing date or the priority date, whichever is earlier. Failure to file a timely examination request leads to the irrevocable termination of the application.

 In the case of a national phase application, examination occurs 31 months after the priority date. However, an express examination request can initiate the process earlier, along with a request for early publication.

 The examination aims to ensure compliance with the legal requirements, and the Controller issues a First Examination Report (FER) based on the assessment. The applicant must respond to the FER within six months, with a possible three-month extension. Failure to respond within this timeframe results in application abandonment.

 If the applicant’s response does not meet legal requirements, a hearing may be offered at the applicant’s request. The applicant must submit written responses and proposed amendments within a specified period. Following the hearing, the Controller may grant the patent with suitable amendments or refuse it if requirements are not met.

 Once all objections are resolved, and if the application meets Act requirements, the patent is granted within a few months of response submission or the hearing. Post-grant, the patentee must pay annual renewal fees starting from the third year after filing. This fee, along with any arrears, is due after the patent is granted. A granted patent provides the owner exclusive rights for 20 years from the filing date, enabling them to control the use, import, and sale of the invention.

How to Renew/Maintain patents in India?

Under the Indian Patent Act, patent holders must pay annual renewal fees to maintain their patents for the full 20-year term. The renewal fee, starting from the third year, can be paid yearly or in a lump sum, with termination resulting from non-payment. Indian patents are valid for 20 years from filing, and the renewal fee schedule applies to the main patent and any additional patents, unless the original patent is revoked. An extension of up to 6 months is possible with penalty fees. Ensuring timely payments is crucial, and for patents granted over 2 years from filing, outstanding fees must be paid within 3 months of grant.

At ipRenewal, our commitment to safeguarding your inventions in Australia goes beyond legal expertise; it’s a comprehensive journey facilitated by our seasoned attorneys. Collaborating closely with inventors, we meticulously craft patent specifications that meet the highest standards, incorporating detailed descriptions, robust claims, and precise drawings. Our Patent Application Drafting services showcase our dedication to a thorough and meticulous approach.

In navigating the intricate landscape of intellectual property (IP) in Australia, our experienced team of patent attorneys is dedicated to simplifying and optimizing the entire process. Recognizing the paramount importance of protecting your IP, our services are designed to guide you through every step. This journey commences with selecting the right type of patent, factoring in elements such as the nature of the invention, desired protection duration, and accessibility in the application process. This tailored approach, facilitated by our streamlined online platform, ensures a smooth filing process with all necessary documents for a successful submission.

Managing and paying renewal fees become seamless and cost-effective with ipRenewal’s user-friendly platform, guaranteeing the uninterrupted protection of your patents. Trust us to navigate the complexities of patent applications, prosecution, and maintenance, allowing you to focus on your innovative endeavors with confidence. Our holistic services are a testament to our commitment to providing unparalleled support at every stage of your IP journey.

At ipRenewal, we not only offer expert guidance throughout the patent protection journey in Australia but also distinguish ourselves by providing the best quotes for IP services. We go a step further, guaranteeing to beat existing quotes from other service providers. Our commitment to cost-effective solutions is coupled with an unwavering dedication to delivering top-notch IP services. Whether it’s crafting precise patent specifications, guiding through the patent application process, or managing and paying renewal fees, ipRenewal stands out for exceptional quality, unmatched affordability, and the assurance that you’re receiving the most competitive rates in the market. Trust us to safeguard your innovations with a comprehensive and budget-


In India, the concept of trademarks plays a pivotal role in protecting the identity and integrity of businesses, products, and services. As the nation witnesses rapid economic growth and technological advancements, safeguarding intellectual property rights becomes increasingly crucial. Understanding the process and significance of trademark registration in India is paramount for businesses and entrepreneurs to secure their brands and innovations effectively.

What is a Trademark?

A trademark is a recognizable sign, design, expression, or symbol that distinguishes products or services of a particular source from those of others. It can be in the form of a word, phrase, logo, symbol, design, image, or a combination thereof. Trademarks serve as a valuable asset for businesses, fostering brand recognition, consumer trust, and market competitiveness.

The Importance of Trademark Registration

Trademark registration confers exclusive rights to the owner, granting legal protection against unauthorized use, imitation, or infringement by competitors or third parties. It serves as prima facie evidence of ownership and validity, enabling the trademark holder to enforce their rights and seek remedies in case of infringement or unfair competition.

Trademark Registration Process in India

The process of trademark registration in India is administered by the Office of the Controller General of Patents, Designs, and Trademarks (CGPDTM), under the Ministry of Commerce and Industry. The following steps outline the procedure for trademark registration:

Trademark Search: Conduct a comprehensive search to ensure the proposed trademark is not identical or similar to existing trademarks registered or pending registration in India.

Filing of Application: Submit the trademark application electronically or physically to the appropriate Trademarks Registry office, accompanied by the requisite fees and supporting documents.

Examination by the Trademarks Office: The application undergoes examination by the Trademarks Office to assess compliance with statutory requirements and substantive grounds for registration.

Publication in the Trademarks Journal: If the trademark application meets the criteria for registration, it is published in the Trademarks Journal for public scrutiny and opposition by third parties within a specified period.

Issuance of Registration Certificate: Upon successful completion of the opposition period and resolution of any objections, the Trademarks Office issues the registration certificate, granting exclusive rights to the trademark owner.

Online Services for Trademark Registration

In line with the government’s initiatives for digitization and ease of doing business, the CGPDTM offers online services for trademark registration through its official website The online portal provides a user-friendly interface for filing applications, tracking status, making payments, and accessing relevant information and resources related to trademarks.

Services Offered by ipRenewal

ipRenewal, a leading service provider in intellectual property management, offers comprehensive assistance and support for trademark registration and maintenance in India. Their expert team of legal professionals and trademark agents guides clients through the entire process, from initial consultation to registration and beyond. Services provided by ipRenewal include:

Trademark Search and Analysis: Conducting thorough searches to identify potential conflicts and assess the registrability of trademarks.

Application Filing and Prosecution: Assisting clients in preparing and filing trademark applications, responding to examination reports, and overcoming objections raised by the Trademarks Office.

Renewal and Maintenance: Managing renewal filings and maintaining the validity of trademarks through timely renewal and compliance with statutory requirements.

Enforcement and Protection: Offering strategic advice and representation in enforcement actions, opposition proceedings, and litigation to safeguard clients’ trademark rights.

Conclusion: Trademark registration in India serves as a cornerstone for protecting intellectual property assets and fostering innovation, creativity, and entrepreneurship. With the support of trusted service providers like ipRenewal and the accessibility of online resources provided by the CGPDTM, businesses and individuals can navigate the complexities of trademark law with confidence and ensure the long-term success and sustainability of their brands and businesses. By understanding the significance of trademarks and leveraging the available resources and expertise, stakeholders can effectively safeguard their rights and contribute to the growth and development of India’s intellectual property ecosystem.

For Drafting, Applications and Litigation
Contact Us

For Renewals Click Here…

Page top